Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is sometimes referred to as the silent disease because many patients don’t realize they have gum disease until it has reached the most advanced stage. While some patients experience noticeable symptoms of gum disease, other patients don’t experience any signs. Visiting the dentist at least twice a year for routine screenings and exams can help them identify any early warning signs of gum disease and get you one step closer to optimal gum health.
Sterling, VA dentist Dr. Zahra Kavianpour and our team at Brighter Smile Family Dentistry & Orthodontics are trained to identify and diagnosis the various stages of gum disease. We recommend patients visit our Sterling, VA dental practice at least twice a year for a routine gum disease screening. During your screening, our team can assess the condition of your gums and teeth and check for any signs of gum disease. With the results from your exam, we can build a comprehensive treatment plan that can help improve your gum and overall dental health.
Stages of Periodontal Disease
Gingivitis: This is the earliest stage of gum disease. Patients with gingivitis may experience plaque build-up and bleeding gums. With early intervention, this stage of gum disease may be reversed before extensive damage is done.
Periodontitis: When gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, a more progressive stage of gum disease. During this stage, patients can experience gum recession, early-stage bone loss, periodontal pockets, and halitosis.
Advanced Periodontitis: This is the most advanced stage of gum disease and it is characterized by bone loss, tooth loss, and gum and tooth damage.
Signs of Gum Disease
If you notice one or more of these signs, be sure to visit our office for a gum disease screening.
- Swollen gums
- Receding gums
- Mouth sores
- Halitosis (bad breath)
- Shifting teeth
- Bleeding gums
Our team can discuss your symptoms and perform a full comprehensive exam to determine if you are at risk for gum disease.
Treatment Options For Gum Disease
The type of treatment you receive will depend on the stage of gum disease and the severity of damage to the teeth, gums, and surrounding bone structure.
- Pocket Reduction Surgery: This surgery aims to treat deep periodontal pockets that form around the gumline. During surgery, your periodontist will open, clean, and reshape the periodontal pockets. Reducing the size of periodontal pockets can help prevent bacterial growth in our gums.
- Free Gingival Graft: This gum graft surgery is designed to thicken thinning gums for patients who do not have tooth-root exposure. It also helps prevent further gum recession.
- Connective Tissue Graft: This graft is performed on patients who have an exposed tooth root. The graft is designed to cover the exposed tooth root and recontour the gumline.
- Antibiotics: We may recommend a short term antibiotic rinse to help remove harmful bacteria from the teeth and gums.
- Scaling and Root Planing: This is an intense deep cleaning of the areas above and below the gumline. The goal of treatment is to remove tartar and plaque build-up from the teeth, gums, and tooth root.
Periodontal Therapy in Sterling, VA
If you notice any changes in your gum or overall dental health, visit our office for a consultation. Explore your treatment options for gum disease in Sterling, VA. If you would like to schedule an appointment, call 571.266.0255 or request an appointment online.